Monday, February 13, 2017

Louisa Adeline Herrick Varney

Louisa Adeline Herrick was born, according to most historians, on May 19, 1819 in Londonderry, Windham, Vermont. The census records place the date between 1816 and 1819. She was the daughter of Erastus Herrick and Sybel Barney. Louisa married George C Varney. The history of the marriage takes place in and around Munson, Geauga County, Ohio. ----------- He get a hint concerning the time frame for the move from Vermont to Ohio from the autobiography of Charles Emerson Griffin. Charles’ mother was Abigail Varney, George Varney’s sister. The Griffin family history places the move in May 1837. The history of the Varney family is well documented in Colchester, Chittenden County, Vermont. Abigail Varney of Colchester married Albert Bailey Griffin of nearby Essex. The Griffins made the move to Ohio in May 1837. There is nothing in the family history that makes mention that they traveled with the extended Varney family but it seem a logical conclusion. Charles in his autobiography speaks of his Varney grandparents as neighbors in Ohio as well as his Varney Uncles, George, William and Hamilton. He also speaks of his Aunt Artemesia. ---------- Evidence suggests that the couple married in Vermont placing the date around 1835. Their daughter Caroline was born July 5, 1836 in Vermont. The birth of their second child, Ann in the 1850 census, was born about 1838/40 in Ohio. Given the Vermont connection a more detailed search of the Chittenden County, Vermont records turns up a marriage record’ ---------- “Be it remembered that at Essex on the 9th Day of Sept 1835 George C Varney and Adaline L Herrick both of Milton County and State aforesaid were duly joined in marriage by me. R….. Noble Justice Pease.” ---------- Some of Louisa’s siblings were born in Milton, Vermont. Milton, Colchester and Essex all share a border. ---------- The 1850 census in Munson lists children; Cornelia, Ann, Franklin, Charles, Allison and Ira. George C Varney died October 22, 1852 in Munson. The Munson town history describes his death in an accident at his lumber mill. Caught while effecting repairs he was crushed when he was dragged into the turning wheels of the mill. ---------- His untimely death had an impact on his family. We find his children scattered in the 1860 census records. Caroline and Charles are living in Gerard, Erie, Penn in the household of Louisa’s brothers Lucius and Franklin as is her father Erastus. Gerard is 80 miles east of Munson. Allison is living with his Uncle Paul Hamilton’s daughter Lucinda and her husband Charles Avery. George is found in the household of Charles Knight in Munson. ---------- Given the nature of life on the frontier it was very unlikely that such a young widow would remain unmarried. In fact there is a marriage recorded in Geauga County between Louisa Varney and Morgan Parks dated September 18, 1855. The couple is found in the 1870 census in Mendon, Lake, Ohio. Louisa Parks is listed as age 51 (1819), born in Vermont. There are no Varney children as part of the household. ---------- There are no other records for this couple. Records from the Park family suggest that Morgan died in Michigan in 1888. ---------- The story takes another turn with another marriage record in Geauga County. This marriage is between David Thwing and Louisa A Parks. The marriage is dated November 10th 1871. The Thwing family has published a detailed family history that contains a biography on David. The history notes that David made the move from Massachusetts to Chardon, Ohio in 1825. He raised a large family in Munson, Ohio with his first wife Sally Thompson. The history writes; ---------- He married second, Louisa A Parks, Nov 11, 1871. She was born May 9, 1817.” ---------- There are no records for what may or may not have happened to the marriage between Morgan Parks and Louis Varney. There are no census records for Louisa Thwing that allows us to cross-reference known ages and place of birth. There is an account in the Geauga Republican, the local newspaper, dated 10 Nov 1880. On page 5 is an entry for the death of Louisa A Thwing, wife of David. The date given is October 5, 1880. The birth date in the Thwing history is a close approximation for the recognized date of birth for our Louis A Herrick. Such small variations are common in many of these histories. The death date for Louisa Thwing is an exact match for the recognized date of death for our Louis A Herrick. ---------- David Thwing is buried with his first wife, Sally Thompson in the Chardon Center Cemetery. There is no headstone for a Louisa Thwing. Louisa A Herrick and her husband, George C Varney, are buried together in the Maple Hills Cemetery in North Munson. ---------- As you research early American census records one fact jumps out. You always find a widowed or elderly parent listed in the household of a child or grandchild. Such is not the case for Louisa. This simple fact argues for the reality of these two marriages being our Louisa. ------------------------- Reference; --------- There are a number of well-researched Trees on Ancestry.Com for the family of Louisa Adeline Herrick and George Charles Varney. The Tree titled “Main Hand Family” is particularly well researched. ---------- This monograph and original records are posted on, Samuel Griffin Genealogy Blog or samuelgriffingenealogy.blogspot.com

Friday, February 10, 2017

Paul Hamilton Varney- Civil War

Samuel Griffin was the father of eleven children. Those children all had large families. The timing of the generations placed his grandchildren at the perfect age to be caught up in the events of the Civil War. We find stores like that of Joel Griffin Jr. taking a leading role in the abolitionist movement in upstate New York before it became popular to do so. We find stories of Lois Griffin Kelsey’s grandchildren transplanting to Kansas as part of the Beecher Bible and Rifle Society recruited for the direct purpose of fighting for the abolitionist cause. They later took part in the Under Ground Railroad their actions now memorialized by a state monument. We recently published the story of Sidney Wolcott the son of Electa Griffin who survived a harrowing career in the Vermont Cavalry, which included a saber blow to the head at the battle of Winchester. We have published the story of Sylvester Griffin who lied about his advance age joining in his 60s. He was shot at the Battle of Shiloh. We have published the 1865 census in Fillmore Co. Minnesota that registers Minerva Griffin and her mother-in-law Mary Griffin alone on the Minnesota Prairie along with a her children and nieces and nephews. Two women left alone when her husband, David Brainerd Griffin, was shot dead in the opening moments of the Battle of Chickamauga.---------- The same can be said for the families that married into the Griffins. Paul Hamilton Varney was the brother-in law of Albert Bailey Griffin. The Varneys and Griffins made the move together from Vermont to Ohio. Uncle Hamilton is reference in the Griffin family letters. The 1850 census take in Chardon, Geauga County, Ohio registers the family of P. H. Varney. Included are his two sons. Horace A and Homer L.---------- By the time they were of military age the family was living in Michigan. The military records note the enlistment of the two brothers in Kalamazoo. Horace’s name is found in the US, Andersonville and Fort McHenry Civil War Prisoner Index, 1861-1865. The horrors of Andersonville prisoner of war camp are part of American folklore. He is buried in the Andersonville National Cemetery, which records his death on September 29, 1864. ------------- Homer died October 21, 1862 at Nashville, Tenn. the victim of Typhoid. He is buried in the Nashville National Cemetery. Homer’s death is recorded on October 21, 1862. His final internment but not occur until September 19, 1862. His initial burial must have been in a rough soldier’s grave.----------------------------------- Note; For a long time the exact circumstances surrounding the death of Paul Hamilton Varney was a family unknown. His last know residence was Michigan where his boys joined the Army. In 1880 he was living in Arcadia, Wisconsin. He died November 28 1880 in Elgin, Kane County, Ill. His two daughters, Loretta Avery and Mary Eakin, were both living in Elgin.

Friday, February 3, 2017

The Varneys; Paul / Moses / Benjamin / Peter / Humphrey / William

The Varneys The purpose of this monograph is to introduce a brief history of the Varney family. Hopefully this will help us all recognize them should we ever meet. There are at least two purposed family trees that that connect Paul Varney to the first Varney to come to America, William. Both start with Humphrey Varney the son of William. One tree starts with his son Peter the other with his son Ebenezer. I propose that the correct tree is; Paul Varney / Moses / Benjamin / Peter / Humphrey / William Varney. We have put together a documentary trail that connects William-Humphrey-Peter- Benjamin-Moses. We also have a marriage record for Moses Varney and Esther Chick. We do not have any documentary evidence to connect Moses Varney to Paul Varney. But we do have some very strong family traditions that support the connection. Most of these genealogies reference the “Varney Family Bible” held by R. G. Varney of Albuquerque, New Mexico. In his letter to his son Charles E. Griffin, concerning their genealogy, Albert infers that Charles is already in possession of a considerable amount of Varney genealogy. It seems very plausible that Albert knew the identity of his wife Abigail’s grandfather Moses Varney. In reading the family histories for Abigail Varney Griffin’ siblings Albert and Esther Ann it seems apparent that those families were in possession of a substantial family history. It is my understanding the “Varney Family Bible” was owned by Paul Varney and has been passed down through his generations. Given that argument I am comfortable in stating that Paul Varney’s parents were Moses Varney and Esther Chick. Many of the documents we have uncovered are written in “middle English” which is the precursor to the English we are more familiar with. The Varney and Austin families introduce a Quaker tradition into our family tree. Almost all of the Austins belonged to the Society of Friends. We also find a number of Varney names in the Quaker records. The Quaker marriage certificate we posted is for one of the Varney cousins in Dover, New Hampshire. -------------------------- William Varney-1608-Bridget Knight ------------------------ William Varney was the first of his line to come to the Americas. Most genealogies list his birth in 1608 in Claydon, Buckinghamshire, England. William died in Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts March 1, 1653/54. William joined the great migration from England to the New World. There were three major destinations points for the migration; Virginia, New England and the West Indies. William ended up in Barbados where he had acquired an interest in a plantation. In Barbados he met and married Bridget Knight on May 4, 1629. Tradition suggests that all of their children were born there. William later moved his family to Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts. Williams’ name is prominent in the land and town records in that community -------------- The oldest child was Thomas. His birth date is generally listed as 1630. Thomas died in Ipswich in 1692. The children are generally listed as Rachael 1632-1707/8, William 1632-1645, Walter 1635-1650, Humphrey 1642-1713. There are many genealogies that list another daughter, Sarah, the wife of Jeffery Parsons. ------------- While there are good records for some of the births and most of the deaths of the children but there is not that one definitive document that clearly identifies the family. William died intestate. The probate record for his estate is found in the “Ipswich Quarterly Court Records, vol-1. In dividing up his estate the Probate Court noted that it was to be divided between his wife, Bridgett, three sons and a daughter. --------------------- “Administration of the estate of William Varney, intestate, granted Mar. 28, 1654, to his widow, Bridgett Varney. He left three sons and one daughter. Ordered that the eldest son have 8 pounds within three months, and the other children 4 pounds each at the age of twenty-one.”----------------- Given a family history of four sons how do we reconcile that with the probate record? The surviving death dates indicate that William and Walter had died before their father. Did one of them have a surviving interest? The court record also poses a strong argument against a suggested second daughter Sarah.--------------------- We get some clarity from the surviving will left by Bridgett Varney dated November 10, 1671,------------------------ “I Bridgett Verney of Glocester in ye County of Essex in New England being by Gods Providence Cast upon my Bed of Sickness & weakness & not knowing how near the time of my death & departure out of this world may be at hand yet knowing that all men are borne to dye & depart out of this world doe therefore declare & make knowne this my last will & Testament in manner and forme following. And first I commit & command my Soule into the hands of God the Father of Spirits & my Body to the Grave to be decently buryed by my Surviving Friends. And for my Goods and Estate I give & bequeath in the first place unto my Sonne Humfrey Verney the Summe of twenty Pounds to be payd by my sonne Jeffery Parsons of this Towne in foure years, five pounds per Annum during the space of foure yeares after my decease. ---------------------- Item I give & bequeath unto my Daughter Rachael Vinson, the wife of William Vinson, twenty Pounds to be payd out of my estate according as thee sayd William vinson my sonne in Law Can best order it for Her And this to be for my sayd Daughter after my decease. -------------------------- Item I give and bequeath unto my sone Thomas Verney Seaven Sheepe after my decease. And for the rest of my goodes or estate besides what is above mentioned and bequeathed I leave in the hands of my Sonne in Law William vinson as he shall see meet And to the end this my Last will & Testament may be duely & truly performed in manner and forme above sayd I doe hereby appoint constitute & ordayne my sayd Sonne in Law William vinson to be sole Executor. In wittnesse whereof I the sayd Bridget had hereunto Set my Hand & Seale the tenth day of this instant November Anno Dom, one thousand Six hundred & Seventy one. --------- Bridget Varney”------------------------------- The will takes a little translating. After the death of her husband, Bridgett moved to nearby Gloucester to live with her daughter Rachael and her husband William Vincent. It seems evident from the will that she had intermingled her estate with that of her son in law. On her death she named William Vincent to be the executor of her will. The naming of Jeffery Parsons in her will has created a great deal of confusion. Many have suggested that he was after some fashion actually her son. Many suggest that he was married to another daughter in the family a supposed Sarah Varney. The explanation, although a little unconventional, is quite straightforward. There is ample evidence for the marriage and family of Jeffery Parsons and Sarah Vincent who he married November 11, 1657. Sarah was the daughter of the William Vincent in Bridgett’s will. ------------------ The term “sonne” held a number of different meanings in 1672. A son or a brother could actually refer to a son, a son in law or a brother in law. In the case of Jeffery Parsons, Bridgett was either expressing a close relationship in an extended family or making reference to the fact that he was Rachel’s brother in law. --------------- The most famous or infamous town in Essex County is Salem, to be ever remembered for its witch trials. The witch hysteria also caught the Varneys in its trap. Thomas Varney married Abigail Proctor the daughter of John Proctor, the main character in Arthur Miller’s pay “The Crucible” who was hanged on August 19, 1692. Rachel Varney, her name appearing as the “Widow Vincent”, and her daughter Rachael, referred to as the “wife of Hugh Row”, were accused by her grand daughter and arrested. She was released on bond in October 1692. Her name is found in the collection of documents from the witch trails. -------------------- “Petition of Ten Prisoners at Ipswich.------------------ To the Honourable Governor and Councell and Generall Assembly now sitting in Boston.---------------- The humble petition of us whose names are subscribed hereunto now prisoners at Ipswich humbly sheweth, that some of us have Lyen in the prison many monthes, and some of us many weekes, who are charged with witchcraft, and not being conscious to our selves of any guilt of what nature lying upon our consciences; our earnest request is that seing that winter is soe far come on that it can not be exspectd that we should be tried during this winter seson, that we may be released out of prison for the present upon Bayle to answer what we are charged with in the Spring. For we are not in this unwilling nor afrayed to abide the tryall before any Judicature apoynted in convenient season of any crime of the nature: we hope you will put on the bowels of compassion soe far as to consider of our suffering condition in the present state we are in, being like to perish with cold in lying longer in prison in this cold season of the yeare, some of us being aged either about or nere four score some though younger yet being with Child, and one giving suck to a child not ten weekes old yet, and all of us weake and infirme at the best, and one fetterd with irons and halfe year and all most destroyed with soe long and Imprisonment: Thus hoping you will grant us a releas at the present that we be not left to perish in this miserable condition we shall always pray &c. -------------------- Widow Penny, Widow Vincent, Widow Prince, Goodwife Green of Havarell, the wife of Hugh Roe of Cape Anne, Mehitabel Dowing, the wife of Timothy Day, Goodwife Dicer of Piscataqua, Hannah Brumidge of Havarell, Rachel Hafield besides thre or foure men.” ------------------ The petitioners were granted bail in October of 1692. The following spring the Courts took up the cases for adjudication. By 1693 the general consensus was that the witch trail had been a miscarriage of justice. All of the Ipswich petitioners were cleared of the charges thanks to the support they received from the local ministers in Essex County, -------------- “Petition of Eleven Ministers from Essex County ----------- To his Excellency the Governor , Council and Representatives of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, In General Court Assembled ------------ Whereas in the year 1692 some of our neighbors of a good conversation, were apprehended and imprisoned upon the suspicion of Witchcraft, upon the complaint of some young persons under Diabolicall molestations; and upon their Tryall at the Court at Salem condemned; great weight being layd upon the evidence of the Afflicted persons, their Accusers Sentence of Death was Executed on severall of them other were Reprieved. But since it is apparent and hath been Acknowledged, that there were Errors and mistakes in the aforesaid Tryals; and notwithstanding the care and conscientious endeavors of the Honorable Judges to do the thing that is right: yet there is great reason to fear that Innocent persons then suffered, and that God may have a controversy with the Land upon that account. -------------- We would therefore humbly propose to the consideration of this Honored Court, whether something may not, and ought not, be publickly done to clear the good name and reputation of some who have suffered as aforesaid, against whom there was no as is supposed sufficient evidence to prove the quilt of such a crime and for whom there are good grounds of charity. Some of the condemned persons aforesaid, and others in behalf of the Relations who have suffered, have lately Petitioned this Honoured Court upon this Account. We pray that their case may be duely considered.” ------------------- Over the coming years the Courts reversed the findings of the Salem Courts although to late for those who were executed. The Court then set up a commission to pay reparations to those damage by the miscarriage of justice. ----------------- We have previously written of the young minster James Bayley whose first congregation was the Salem Second Congregational Society. The controversy surrounding the division of Salem into two separate societies is considered to be one of the major social underpinnings of the series of events that led to the witch trials. In the Harvard Sketches his biographer writes, ------------------ ”I have given these details respecting Bayley and his parishioners, because opposition to him laid the train for the disastrous and terrible scenes of the Salem witchcraft” “these is no indication that he had a hand in subsequent proceedings, or was in the slightest degree connected with the troubles that afterwards arose…” ----------------------- Albert Bailey Griffin carried the name of his great grandfather James Bayley. ----------------------------- Humphrey Varney 1642-Sarah Starbuck ------------------------------------ Humphrey Varney, as a young man, relocated from Ipswich to Dover in Strafford County, New Hampshire. There are family traditions that contend that he took as his first wife Ester Starbuck daughter of Edward Starbuck. There are no surviving original documents to support the existence of that marriage. There is ample evidence of his marriage to Esther’s sister Sarah. The commonly held dates of birth for Humphrey’s children seem to indicate that they were the issue from his marriage to Sarah Starbuck. In the compilation of marriage records for the town of Dover we find the following, ------------- “Humphrey Varney d. 1713/14 m. March 2, 1664 Sarah Austin, wid of Joseph.” ---------------------- There is a great deal of confusion surrounding Sarah Starbuck. A review of the debate seems in order. Edward Starbuck brought his family to the new World in about 1635. He settled in Dover, New Hampshire where he became a leading citizen. The town and land records are replete with his name and signature. There are a number of DEED records that are signed by Edward and Katherine Starbuck. Edward eventually became disenchanted with the religious life in Dover, joining the Anabaptist movement he looked for a location where he could make a new beginning. Moving to Nantucket he is honored on several large monuments as being a founder of the colony. There are any number of well-documented genealogies for his family, which include his children Nathaniel, Dorcus, Sarah, Abigail, Ester and Jethro. The genealogies note that Sarah was born in England in about 1630/34. ---------------- Most of the histories and genealogies written for Sarah Starbuck mirror the following account taken from the “History of Dover”. Speaking of the Starbuck family, “Sarah, is the subject of considerable difference of opinion. Tradition represents her to have married Benjamin Austin; and the same authority says another, and nameless daughter, to have been the wife of Humphrey Varney. But from an examination of the town records we are convinced that Sarah married; -1- William Storey, about 1658; -2- Joseph Austin, about the year 1659/60, who was dead in 1663; -3- Humphrey Varney. For “widow Sarah Storie”: is represented to have married Joseph Austin, when William Storey’s inventory was entered on record; and Joseph Austin, in his Will speaks of ”my brother Peter Coffin”; and after Joseph Austin’s death, Elder Starbuck confirms to his son-in-law, Humphrey Varney,” husband of “Sarah,” land formerly given by him to his son-in-law, “Joseph Austin.” If this be correct, I am inclined to think that Sarah had children in her third marriage, by which she became ancestress to a race of infinite numbers, The Varneys.” ------------------- Based on such histories when the original Dover town records were collected collated and rewritten town clerks often referred to Humphrey Varney’s wife, Sarah, as the ‘Widow Story”. We find the same level of uncertainty in the same histories concerning William Storey /Storer himself, --------------------- “Storer William. Protest 1641. Black River lot 8 in 1642 as “Story.” Taxed 1648 to 58 as “Storey;” “Widow Storey” taxed 1659. Inventory entered Nov 8, 1660 and Joseph Austin (who married his widow) was appointed administrator June 27, 1661. Storer is believed, from tradition to be the son of Augustine Storre, see Wentworth Genealogy. William married, perhaps his second wife, Sara Starbuck, as ante, His children were: Samuel, born Dec 29, 1640, died early, Sarah born June 16, 1642; died early, Hancock, born July 16, 1644, Joseph, born Aug 23, 1648, Benjamin, twin with Joseph, died single, Samuel born about 1653.” --------------------- In seems incumbent to us to turn to the original records to try to add some clarity. In 1907 the state of New Hampshire published transcriptions of the early wills written in the state. The lead author on the project was Albert Stillman Batchellor who held the title, “editor of state papers”. From the “Probate records of the province of New Hampshire Vol 1, 1635-1717” we find the following with the note that they were recorded in the Deeds records Volume 2 page 57b. --------------------- “ Administration on the estate of William Story granted to Samuel Austin June 27, 1661.” -------------------------- “The said Austin brought into Court and Inventory of the Said estate amounting to : 130.5.0. the Widow of ye said Story now wife to ye said Austin is allowed her thirds out of the whole which is 43.6.8; & the remainder 86.16.4 to be divided among the fower children the Eldest to have a double portion Viz 34.14.8. & the other three 17.7 a peece when the come to ye age of 21 yeeres. The whole estate to remane in ye hands of said Samuell Austin the father in Law (step-father) to ye said children for there bringing up or shall chuse there guardian before provided he give double bonds unto this Court that it shalbe paid to the children accordingly & is granted Libertie to sell any of the house & Lands or to let the Same provided he brings in good securite to next Court at yorke for payment of the Childrens portion.” ------------------ “Inventory, Oct 8, 1660; amount 130.5.0; signed by William Pomfret, Hatevil Nutter and Job Clements; sworn to by Sarah Austin, sometime the wife of Wm Story deceased, June 27, 1661.” ------------------------ In the deed records, under the named of Samuel Austin, we find a deed concerning the property in question. Samuel is disposing of his wife’s part of her late husbands estate, in the deed we find the following lines “with ye consent of my now wife Sarah” “to ye said William Storey” “His wife giving up her rights of dowry”. ------------------ As we can clearly see from these documents it was Samuel Austin who administered the estate of William Story and that it was Samuel Austin who married his widow “Sarah”. There are no original records that identify the wife of William Storey as Sarah Starbuck. We can also see that the list of children from the town histories matches the reference to the four/fower children reference in the documents. Note that the youngest was born in 1640 when Sarah Starbuck was between the ages of 6 to 10. ----------------------- So how did Samuel Austin become Joseph Austin? As we have noted a number of times on the Blog, with the establishment of any new community, the first official volume of town records was the land deed ledger. In most new towns those ledgers were not only used to record the land deeds but they were also the repositories for the early town records. At some point in time the town records, births, deaths and marriages, were kept in separate volumes. In many cases as the town matured the town clerks undertook a project to gather all of the town records into a single volume. They then gathered, collated and transcribed the collected material. Somewhere in that processes, in Dover, Samuel Austin became Joseph Austin and the confusion over who had married Sarah Starbuck began. ------------------- There is universal agreement, supported by documentary evidence, that Joseph Austin married Sarah Starbuck. The inventory to his will, for example, was presented to the court ”by his widow Sarah Austin.” There is a wonderful document signed by Edward Starbuck, ----------------------- “Be it know to all men whome this may concern that whereas there was give me a parcel of land on ye left side of ye Back River containing twentie acres That I Edward Starbuck did give ye said land to my son in law Joseph Austin and do by these presents Confirm ye same give to my son in law Humphrey Varney and his wife witness my hand this 11th of May 1664, --------------------- There is a little uncertainty based on the loss of original documentation as to the where and when and the identity of all of their children. The best evidence suggests that Joseph married Sarah Starbuck in 1648/49. Most of the Austins were Quakers, which explains why there are no birth records in the Dover town records since the Quakers kept there own records separately. The children were Deborah, Nathaniel, Mary, Thomas, Joseph and Benjamin. There are substantial records for Deborah, Mary and Thomas. ----------------------------- Note; Joseph Austin is Anna Austin Varney’s gggrandfather. ----------------------- Joseph wrote his will January 25, 1662. It is transcribed in the same collection that contained the will of William Storey, ------------------------ “I Joseph Austin of dover in perscataque beinge sike of body ase for my estate when all of my just and honist debtes are pead and satisfied I dow give and bequeath unto my wife the one third part of my holle estate which ise left and tow therd peartes to bee devided amonst my Chilldren; only I doe give unto my sonne Thomas Austin a doublell portion: and ase for my Chilldren and that which I have given them; I doe leave them with my wife: and Capt walldon: and Ellder winford and my Brother peter Coffin: to order and dispoe of them ase meay bee most for the glory of god and ther Comfort till they Com to years of discristion to quid themselfes and what I leave them: and Given: and this beinge my last will and testament I doe intreat and desire my loving frinds Capt Richard walldon and Ellder willaim winford and my Brother peter Coffin to see ite fullfilld in whitnes hereofe I have heareunto set my hand and seal this twenty fith deay of January one thousand sixe hundred sixty and two. Joseph Austin.” ----------------------- “This being brought into Court held at Dover the 1st of July 1663 & the Court conceiving it to be Imperfict for want of Nomynation of executers doe appoint the Widdow of the deceased Adminstratrix to the estate of ye deceased & order that the Adminstratrix shall not order & dispose of the estate with out the Concurrance of the overseers menc’oned in this will or any two of them whoe have power according t ye will of ye deceased to see that it accordingly be performed. --------------- Lord of Court Elias Stileman Cler” ------------- “Inventory, Jan 29, 1162/3: amount 470.00; signed by Hatevil Nutter, John Hall, Ralph Hall, and John Heard; attested by Sarah Austin July 3, 1663.” ------------- Joseph’s will refers to his” Chilldren” plural. But he only gives us two names. The first is his son Thomas, the second, is his “brother” Peter Coffin. Peter Coffin was actually his brother in law being married to Sarah’ sister Abigail. In a deed dealing with the estate of Joseph Austin we find another hint for the identity of his children. In identifying the involved parties to the deed the deed noted “ ye said Thomas Austin, Deborah Coffin & Mary Gardner being children & heirs of Joseph Austin late of Dover” ------------------------------------ Humphrey Varney: 1642- Sarah Starbuck ------------------------ In the second generation of Varney’s we are again left without any clear decisive documentation for the children of Humphrey and Sarah. What is available are collections that are purported to be based on the original records. The problem is that time and human error has introduced a level of uncertainty. ----------------------- The New England Historical Genealogical Society in their collections , Vol-1 pages 124-125 published in 1894, recorded the following data from Dover. Note they included the incorrect Sorer/Story reference. ---------------------- “Varney. Humphrey Varney married Sarah Storer, 2nd March 1664. Children: Peter, their son, born 29 March 1666. John, their son, died 14 August, 1666. Joseph, their son, born 8th October, 1667. Abigail, their daughter, born June 10th, 1669.” ----------------------- Tradition adds two more sons to the list, Ebenezer and a second John. The separate nature of these two boys is used to support the idea of a second marriage to Ester Starback. However their accepted dates of birth argue that there mother was Sarah. In his will Humphrey names; his “beloved wife Sarah”, “beloved sonne Ebenezer”, daughter Abigail Brackston, “sonne” Peter. Peter is made the executor of his fathers will. ------------------------ John Varney in his will notes that he had received a “lot of Land” from his father. Having already received his inheritance may explain why his name is not found in his father’s will. In John’s will proved May 28, 1716 he wrote, ------------------------ “also I Give and bequef to my brother Peter varney one half of ye Seven Pound that he ose me; and I give and beguef the other half to my Sister Abgil Brackston; also I Give and bequef thirty Akers of Land at Seaterwit to brother Ebenezers Son John varny also a lot of Land at oster River my father Gave me by ded of Gift I Give the res of the Estait To my brother Ebenezer varny.” ----------------------- Sarah Starbuck our twice grandmother; -------------------------- Sarah Starbuck-Joseph Austin/Thomas/Samuel/Samuel/ Anna Austin Varney --------------------------- Sarah Starbuck-Humphrey Varney/Peter/Benjamin/Moses/Paul Varney ------------------------ Peter Varney 1666- Elizabeth Evans ------------------------- In the volume titled “Dover New Hampshire Marriages 1623-1823” we find two marriages for Peter, “Peter Varney b. March 29, 1666/67 M. Elizabeth living in 1725 ”. Family tradition identifies her as Elizabeth Evans. There is a land deed on file in Dover, ------------------------ “To all people to whom the presents shall come I Peter Varney of ye Town of Dover in ye province of New Hampshire Cordwainer & Elizabeth his wife ……. To our loving son Joseph”. ---------------------- Note; A cordwainer was a craftsman who made soft leather shoes. ------------------------ Then there is a second marriage, “Peter Varney m. in 1724 Sarah Norton. Peter married Sarah Norton after the early death of Elizabeth. --------------------- Most genealogies include the following children, Joseph, Moses, Sarah, Rachael, Benjamin, Susanna, Lydia. In his will, proved May 18, 1732, Peter names them all including Ledy for Lydia except Susanna. The will gives his wife’s name as Sarah. ------------------- “In the name of God A men march ye Second Anno Domone one thousand seven hundred & thirty two I Petter Verney of Dover in New hamshier in New England Being Sick in body. -------------------------- Imprimis I Give and bequeath unto my Loving wife Sarah Verney one beed and the furnetur there unto belonging as Curtains Sheets blankets pillow Coverled one Cowe and her pastering and Wintering and also two Swne and two Sheep with her pastering on my place during her Natural life and fifteen bushels of Corne to be fond her yerely and also one half my dwelling house in Ever Respect and to be found with fire wood Convent for her al all times. --------------- Item I give unto my Daughter Sarah twety pound in money within one yere after my deses. --------- Item I give unto my Daughter Rachael Eighteen pound in money to be paid within one yere after my deses ------------- Item I give unto my Daughter Ledy fifteen pound in money to be paid within two yere after my deses -------- Item I give unto my Sun Joseph twenty shillings and the heirs of my Sun Benjamin twenty Shillings in money Said legacys to be paid out of my Estate by my Executor -------- Item I give unto my Sun Moses Verney after my Just debts and Legecys are paid all the Remainder of my Estate lands Chattels what So Ever here wher I Now dwell or Else where -------- And I do her make and appoint my well belovd sun Moses Verney full and sole Executor of this my last Will and testament her by Revoking disnulling and making Void all former wills and bequests by me made and declaring this only to be my will and testament In Wittnesss whereof I have here unto seet my hand and seal the day and yere above said March ye twentheth Seventh day. -------- Peter Varney” ---------------------------------- Benjamin Varney- Martha Tibbetts ------------------------ There is very little direct documentary evidence for Benjamin Varney. As indicated in his father’s will he was dead before his father’s will was filed in March 1832. The family traditions have Benjamin Varney married to Martha Tibbets the daughter of Samuel Tibbets. There was enough evidence within the town and church records for early Dover historians to also make that connection. The existing genealogies reference three main sources, the Tibbets family histories, “A Genealogy of Some of the Descendants of William Varney of Ipswich Mass. 1649 and more Particularly of his son Humphrey Varney”, and the “Varney Family Bible” held by R. G. Varney of Albuquerque, New Mexico. ---------------------------------- The genealogies list the children of Benjamin and Martha as; Moses, Phebe, Esther, Ichabod, Benjamin. The family tradition says Martha married a “Whitehouse”, first name unknown, after Benjamin’s death. There are deed records between an Edward Whitehouse and Moses Varney. ------------------------- In the will of Samuel Tibbets we find the following, ---------------------- “Item I give to my grandson Icabod Varney his heirs and Assign all my right and Intent in the Said Town of Rochester.” ---------------- “I give all my household Goods & movable Estate both within doors & without to my four daughters, Rachel Lego, Martha Whitehouse”. ------------------ The will is certainly a strong argument for the marriage of Martha Tibbets to Benjamin Varney. ---------------------- In the land ledgers we find three deeds written back to back where Benjamin’s children are selling their share of their inheritance to the same gentleman. The wording in the deeds expresses a clear connection between Benjamin and his children. ---------------------- “Know ye that I Moses Varney Senior ……….To ye homestead place of his father Benjamin Varney Late of Summersworth.” ------------------ “Richard Hussy Jr of Dover in ye province of New Hampshire in New England, yeoman and Phebe his wife daughter of Benjamin Varney Late of Summersworth.” ------- “Ester wife of Elijah Tuttle daughter of Benjamin Varney” ---------- In another deed we have references to Moses Varney Jr., Paul Varney’s brother, his father Moses Varney, “of my mother Martha Whitehouse” “of his father Benjamin Varney Late of Sommersworth”. That one deed connects three generations. ----------------- Moses Varney 1724- Esther Chick ------------------ In the marriage records for Dover we find, -------- “Moses Varney b. near 1724 m. near 1750 Esther Chick”. ---------- There are almost no original birth records available for the children of Moses and Esther. There is ample evidence of strong family traditions that provide the evidence for the family connections. The children are listed as Elijah, Patience, Martha, Esther, Edward, Moses Jr. Thomas, Paul. The birth dates are mainly estimations based on a supposed date of marriage in 1750. We do have definitive dates for Moses Jr. and Thomas. Thomas is buried in the Alton Bay Cemetery in Belknap County New Hampshire. The dates on his headstone are 8 Aug 1765 and 6 June 1812. Many genealogies use an estimated date of birth for Paul in 1767. His headstone confirms at date of birth in March 1772. ---------------------- Paul Varney – Anna Austin ------------------- Paul Varney married Anna Austin probably in Dover. The young couple moved with Anna’s father Samuel Austin to Colchester, Vermont. In Colchester their daughter Abigail was born. Albert Bailey Griffin from nearby Essex came courting and the young couple was married in about 1828. -------------- The story of Paul Varney is posted on the web site, Samuel Griffin Genealogy Blog July 2015 --------------- Documentation for this monograph can be found at, Samuel Griffin Genealogy Blog, and, Griffins of Essex, web pages. -------------- To documnets below;--------- (1) is a deed by Edward Starbuck which mentions twomen who had been or were his "Son in Law" Joseph Austin and Humphrey Varney. Hunprey married his daughter Saara on the death of her lst husband Joseph Austin.-------(2) Deed signed by Humphrey and his wife Sarah (Starbuck)

Tuesday, January 31, 2017

Rosetta Lois Griffin- Eleazer Hunt, Essex, Vermont

Rosetta Lois Griffin was born in Essex, Vermont, according to her headstone, on March 20, 1818. She was the daughter of Samuel Griffin and Sylvia Bradley. Her father was a successful farmer. His farm was centered on the beautiful bottomland along Indian Brook. The last three children born into the family were girls, Rosetta, Sylvia and Electa. The Griffin family letters paint a picture of a very close association between the three sisters that lasted throughout their life. The collection of letters written by the family was to their brother, Albert, who was living in Utah. Rosetta was the primary author passing on the family news to a long missing but not forgotten brother. --------- Letter dated 1870; ---------- “I am blest with a kind husband good home and enough of the world to make me comfortable which is worth a great deal to me. Dear brother let us live the life of he Christian that we may dwell together in the world to come is the prayer of hour sister it is the heart that God looks at and not the name. I enjoy that peace of mind this world can neither give nor take away and it is a great help to me in getting through this world of sin and sorrow.” ---------- The Essex town records contain marriage records for many of the girls of Rosetta’s generation but one for her marriage to Eleazer Hunt has not been found. With their first child, Jason, born in 1841 it would seem that the marriage probably took place in 1839/40. ---------- Where Rosetta and Eleazer married is not the only mystery surrounding the early days of their marriage. Family records place the birth of their first two children, Jason and Julia, in Hopkinton, New York. Hopkinton is 130 miles from Essex. The area was first settled in 1805 primarily by people from Vermont. Nestled in the foothills of the Adirondacks its key attraction was the streams that could be used to power mills. Those mills must have been a lure for a young husband seeking a way to make a living. ---------- By 1845 the family was again living in Essex where their daughter Lucy was born June 19, 1845. The census records place the family in Essex from 1850 to 1900. Although the census records are entered under Essex the family actually lived in what is now Essex Junction. ---------- Biographies for Jason, Julia and Lucy have been posted on the Blog. ---------- A fourth child, a daughter, Amelia first appears in the 1860 census at the age of 8. In the 1870 census she is listed as age 18. The marriage of Amelia to Henry M Page of Lunenburg, Mass. is found in the Essex records. The marriage date is January 1, 1871. The record indicates that his current residence was Omaha, Nebraska. There are census records dating 1880 and 1900 from Omaha, Nebraska that are a match for Amelia and Henry. The 1900 census offers a date of birth November 1852. There are also hints from the census records that they may have ended up in California. ---------- The death record for Lois Rosetta Griffin Hunt is published in the Essex records. Dated February 25, 1898 if gives her age as 79 years 11 month and 7 days. Her cause of death is listed as Exhaustion for a broken thigh. Her parents are listed as Samuel and Sylvia Bradley Griffin. ---------- Rosetta and Eleazer are buried in the Essex Common Burial Ground. Their family marker is handcrafted with stones set in cement. The plaque for Rosetta includes the dates March 20, 1818 and Feb 23, 1898 the plaque for Eleazer, Apr 15, 1809, Sept 19, 1908. Three of Lucy’s children are buried in the family plot. --------- There is an entry in the Norwich, Vermont early town records for the family of Eliphalet Hunt. --------- “Lory Hunt daughter of Eliphalet Hunt and Lucy his wife was born Sept 14th 1807. Elelyn or Eleazer Hunt their son born April 15th 1810.” ---------- The census records and his death record place the date in 1809. In 1906 the city of Essex published a memorial. One of the entries was a list of the birth dates for its older citizens. Included was Eleazer Hunt age 97 on April 15. --------- Land records from Essex show that Eleazer was actively buying and selling property for most of his life. He purchased property from Rosetta’s father, Samuel. There are deeds between Ezeazer and Hannah Griffin, Orlo Griffin’s wife, again for property that originally belonged to Samuel Griffin. When each of his children began buying property deed records show that Eleazer would put up the money and then take a mortgage from his children. Indications are that he was a successful farmer. We previously published a newspaper article. The article reported a fall take by an elderly Eleazer. The cause of the fall was a result of him being tired from watching the men cut hay on his old farm an activity that he frequently engaged in. ---------- There is a deed registered on August 14, 1893 between Eleazer Hunt, Rosette L Hunt and their daughter Julia R Booth for what was their home lot.--------- “Ten dollars paid to our satisfaction by our daughter Julia R Booth”. ---------- The property is described as being bounded, ---------- “East by the Highway leading from Essex Junction to Butler Corners. 14 acres of land …. Also farming tools, wagons, carriages and sleds… being the home place where we now reside.” ---------- The sale price indicates that is more of passing on of an inheritance than a pure sale of a piece of property. Further evidence of the fact is the 1900 census, which shows Eleazer as part of the household of Cassius and Julia Booth in all likelihood in his old home. ---------- In 1900 Eleazer is living with Julia. In 1907 he is living with Jason’s son Willie/William. His death is recorded September 19, 1908 in Athol, Massachusetts. Athol was the home of his daughter Lucy Richardson. Lucy is listed as the “Informant” for the information on his, Return of a Death. The record lists his age as 99 years, 6 month, 4 days, born in Norwich, Vermont the son of Eliphalet Hunt and Lucy Goodrich. ---------- Eleazer’s father, Eliphalet Hunt in found in the census records in Johnson, Vermont from 1830 to 1860. The 1830 census shows an older son who is probably Eleazer. In the absence of any birth records in Essex for Rosetta’s two oldest children, Jason and Julia, early family historian made the assumption that they must have been born in the Hunt family home of Johnson, Vermont. We now understand that they were born in Hopkinton, NY. Eliphalet’s death is recorded in Johnson in 1861 at the age of 83, a farmer born in Connecticut. ----------------------------------- Rosetta Griffin / Samuel Griffin / Samuel Griffin / Samuel Griffin of Kllingworth. ---------------------------------- Reference; Samuel Griffin Genealogy Blog

Saturday, January 28, 2017

Julia R Hunt and Cassius M Booth, Essex, Vermont

Julia Rosetta Hunt was born May 19, 1843 in Hopkinton, New York the daughter of Rosetta Lois Griffin and Eleazer Hunt. There is very little to be found in the family records to explain the Hunt families’ sojourn in New York were both Julia and her brother Jason were born. In the census records she is listed as, Julia R., born in New York. The birth records for her children, Ernest and Jessie, list their mother as, Julia Hunt, born Hopkinton, NY. Julia’s own death record gives her date of birth as May 19, 1943, born in New York, State. Hopkinton is 130 miles from the family home in Essex, VT. ----------- The marriage of, “Cassius M. Booth and Miss Julia R Hunt both of Essex” is found in the Essex records, the date is, “21st of Nov. 1865”. ---------- Cassius M. Booth was born in Essex August 7, 1843. He was the son of Samuel Booth and Eunice Woodworth. Both Cassius’s father and grandfather had long made Essex their home. Cassius served in the Civil War from 1862 to 1865. He was discharged June 25, 1865 giving him a summer to romance his future bride. ---------- Their first child, Ernest H. Booth was born in Essex on July 14, 1869. The birth record, from Essex, lists his parents as Cassius M and Julia Hunt Booth. The record lists a birthplace for his mother as Hopkinton, NY. In the 1870 census the family is living in Colchester. The entry lists Ernest, age 9/12. This fact has led some family historian to incorrectly list Colchester as his place of birth. ---------- The second child born in the family is Alba Cassius Booth. There are a number of documents from his life that place his birth in St Albans, VT on April 10, 1873. By then Alba’s father was probably working as a customs inspector. St Albans is a port on Lake Champlain. In the 1880 census the census enumerator recorded his name as “Alva”. That mistake in spelling has found its way into a number of family histories. There are no surviving birth records from the time frame. ---------- The third child was Jessie Julia Booth. Her birth is also recorded in the Essex records. The entry is dated April 4, 1882. Again her parents are identified as Cassius M and Julia Hunt Booth. Her mother’s place of birth is again identified as Hopkinton, NY. ---------- In 1870 the family is listed in the census for Colchester. The enumerator mistakenly used the name Charles for Cassius. Listed are Cassius/ Charles, Julia R and Ernest. Cassius’s occupation is give as cheese maker. In a family letter his mother-in-law wrote that, “Cassius dislikes farming he is working in a cheese factory for $80 per month”. ----------- In 1880 the family is living in Essex. By now Cassius is referred to as a Custom House Official a profession he would follow for the rest of his life. ---------- In 1900 the family is living in Essex/ Essex Junction. Previous to 1900 both places were listed as being one and the same. After 1900 the two places began to assume separate identities. Even though family records are found in the archives of the original Essex evidence supports the idea that they always lived in the area that is now Essex Junction. The 1900 census gives us some interesting insights into American life in 1900. Listed in the household of Cassius Booth are his wife, Julia, his daughter, Jessie, his mother, Eunice, and his father-in-law Eleazer Hunt. ---------- Ernest Hunt Booth was born in Essex July 14, 1869. The marriage of Ernest H Booth, age 21, born in Essex and Emma A Myers, age 19, of East Washington is recorded in the Essex records February 11, 1891. The record notes that they were married in Essex Junction. The couple is found living in Burlington, VT up until the time of his death. Starting with his marriage record he is always referred to as a clerk/ bookkeeper. The Burlington City Director lists him as “bkpr Burl Trust Co”. Ernest and his brother, Alba, are listed a few lines apart in the directory. The death of “Ernest Hunt Booth” is recorded in the Burlington records. Dated January 15, 1929, Ernest Hunt Booth, age 59, born Essex, parents, Cassius M “Hunt”, a transcription error, and Julia Hunt. Ernest is buried in the Lakeview Cemetery in Burlington. ----------- Alba Cassius Booth was born in St. Albans April 10, 1873. Alba C Booth age 25, born St Albans married Emma S Harkness, age 25, born Hinesburgh, Vt on October 10 1901 in Burlington, VT. The couple lived in Burlington for most of their lives. The surviving records list his occupation as “Druggist” the owner of his own shop. The Burlington City Directory lists him as “prop Park Drug Store”. Alba married Winona Left, April 30, 1921 in Burlington. One of the few places we find the full spelling for his name is on his draft registration card “Alba Cassius Booth”. Alba’s death is recorded in Fairfax, VT. July 17, 1942. The record notes that he had lived there for six weeks. Alba is buried with his brother in the Lakeview Cemetery in Burlington. ---------- Jessie Julia Booth was born in Essex, April 4, 1882. She is living with her parents in the 1900 census and with her mother in Essex in the 1910 census. The census records note that she was an invalid. The death of “Jessie Julia Booth” is recorded on May 10, 1917. Jessie is buried with her parents in the Village Cemetery in Essex Junction. ----------- Julia Rosetta Hunt Booth was born in Hopkinton, NY, May 19, 1843. Julia’s Certificate of Death records her death on September 5, 1929 in Essex Junction. Alba C Booth furnished the information listed on the certificate. Her birth was recorded, as May 19, 1843 in New York State. Her parents are listed as Eleazer Hunt and Rosetta Griffin. ---------- There are no original records documenting the birth and death of Cassius M Booth. Lucky for us as family historians his life is well documented in the local histories. In particular his service in the Civil War is well document. The highlight of his Civil War service is his duty in the Union Navy during the Mississippi River campaigns. Those biographies provide a date of birth August 7, 1843 in Essex and a date of death of June 24, 1903. His headstone in the Village Cemetery in Essex Junction lists the dates 1843-1903. ---------------------------------------- Julia Hunt / Rosetta Griffin / Samuel Griffin / Samuel Griffin / Samuel Griffin of Killingworth. ------------------------------------- Reference; Samuel Griffin Genealogy Blog

Wednesday, January 25, 2017

Jason E Hunt / Eliza J Nichols Essex, VT

Jason E Hunt was the son of Rosetta Lois Griffin and Eleazer Hunt. While his parents spent the majority of their life in and around Essex VT all of the census records list New York as the place of Jason’s birth. Hopkinton, St Lawrence County, NY is listed in a number of the birth and marriage records of his children as the site of their father’s birth. Hopkinton is about 100 miles west of Essex in upstate New York. The marriage record between their daughter, Nellie Hunt, and George Lawrence is particularly detailed in providing family demographics. The 1900 census records that Jason was born in May 1841. There are family histories that offer a day of May 12, 1841. ---------- There is an entry in the Essex records for the marriage of Jason, Jason E Hunt of Essex… a farmer by occupation and of the age of 24 years, and Eliza J. Nichols of Essex ……of the age of 19 years. The date is April 28, 1866. ---------- Eliza Jane Nichols was born in Essex October 14, 1846. She was the daughter of Charles Nichols and Abigail Warner. ---------- Jason and Eliza had four children together. The record of their birth is registered in the Essex town records. Each child is identified as the child of Jason E. and Eliza J. Hunt. The records provide us with Eliza’s maiden name, Nichols. They provide us with a place of birth for Jason, Hopkinton, and Eliza, Essex. ---------- April 26, 1867, Elmer Hunt ----------- January 14, 1869, Alice Gertrude Hunt ---------- April 16, 1871, Willie Edson Hunt ---------- May 1, 1878, Nellie May Hunt ---------- We find the whole family recorded in the 1900 census taken in Essex. ---------- The whole family is found in the transcription from the Village Cemetery now located in Essex Junction, VT. The nature of the record is based around where the people are buried within the cemetery. It appears that the whole Hunt family is buried in a family burial plot much in the same manner as the Griffins in the Essex Common Burial Ground. ---------- The entry lists; ---------- Jason E. Hunt, 1841-1927 --------- Eliza J. Nichols, 1843-1925 (May 28 1925)---------- Elmer J. Hunt, 1867-1901 ---------- Alice E. Hunt, 1869-1952 ---------- William E. Hunt 1873-1950 ---------- Nellie M. Hunt, 1878-1964 ---------- Children of J. E. & E. J. Hunt ---------- As with many such transcriptions it contains a number of small errors. ---------- The death record for Nellie J. Hunt is found in the Essex records. Her date of birth is given as October 14, 1846 and date of death as May 28, 1925. ---------- The death record for Elmer J Hunt, dated September 1, 1901, is also found in the Essex records. It notes that he died of Typhoid. Elmer married Nellie Latimore of Chazy, NY. They had three children; Rudolph Nelson, Helen Barbara and Sherman Spears who went by Sherman Elmer. ---------- Willie Edson referred to himself as William E. for the remainder of his life. He married Carrie / Caroline Hanley. William lived in Essex VT, DeLand, Florida, Hartford CT. In 1940 he is living in Cheshire, NH. The 1940 census is the last record we can find that references William. The names of William and Caroline are also found on a plaque associated with her parents in the Saint Thomas Cemetery in Underhill, VT. That plaque includes the dates 1871-1950. ---------- Nellie May Hunt married Clarence Martin in Essex June 27, 1900. In the 1910 census they are living in Oakland, Kennebec, Maine. Records indicate that they divorced in 1915. In 1925 she married George Burt Lawrence in Ogdensburg, St. Lawrence, NY. Ogdensburg is a short distance from Hopkinton her father’s birthplace. She was living in Ogdensburg in the 1940 census. Nellie married John Sias Barr in Burlington VT on August 9, 1947. The last record of her is the 1954 city directory for Burlington. ------------------------------------------- Jason Hunt / Rosetta Griffin / Samuel Griffin / Samuel Griffin / Samuel Griffin of Killingworth